The “Other” Government Shutdown Cybersecurity Risk

The “Other” Government Shutdown Cybersecurity Risk

Many furloughed employees still have access to government IT networks and systems, which makes them prime targets for criminals and nation states who are constantly seeking to steal credentials for accessing government IT systems and data.

Much has been written about the potential cybersecurity risk associated with the government shutdown. This discussion has focused largely on whether or not the agencies impacted by the shutdown have enough IT workers on staff (working without pay) to sufficiently man cybersecurity operations, and also the potential long-term damage of making it more difficult to recruit new cybersecurity talent in a time when there is a worldwide skills shortage.

Not as much attention has been paid to an entirely different cybersecurity problem brought about by the shutdown, however. And that is the risk that arises when you have 800,000 dislocated workers – either furloughed or working without pay - who may be justifiably disgruntled or under serious financial duress. Many, if not all, of these employees still have access to government IT networks and systems, which makes them prime targets for criminals and nation states who are constantly seeking to steal credentials for accessing government IT systems and data. The workers impacted by the shutdown are a particular risk for the following reasons:

  • People in difficult life circumstances are highly vulnerable targets for stealing credentials, because they can be desperate for good news, job opportunities and other “triggers” that could inspire them to fall for phishing attacks.
  • Having thousands of employees under financial duress increases the likelihood of “pay for passwords” -  a Sailpoint survey of 1,000 employees found that 20% would be willing to sell their passwords, and 44% of those respondents would do so for less than $1,000.
  • Employees will undoubtedly seek employment elsewhere over time, which means they could be working for other organizations when the shutdown ends, while still having credentials to log into U.S. government infrastructure.
  • And finally, disgruntled workers with access to systems are among the most profound cybersecurity insider threats to their employers.

The shutdown creates a potential identity management nightmare for government IT workers – they need to be able to provision and deprovision accounts en masse, manage access based on worker status, and report on any access that has occurred during the shutdown, which includes determining whether the access was for malfeasance or legitimate reasons. And, they need to do this with skeleton staffs (that is, if they have anyone at the identity helm to begin with) who may not be motivated to “burn the midnight oil” to keep things secure.

Identity management is arguably the single most important information security function today. It is the most effective way to ensure that only the right people have access to the right systems at the right time. And yet, few organizations do IAM well, because it is a strategic undertaking that organizations often underestimate or avoid altogether. As a result, most organizations have an extremely difficult time ensuring that employees have the proper privileges for system access, and it is extremely common to find open accounts for ex-employees. Symantec and the Ponemon Institute conducted a survey on this problem after the last large-scale disruption of the U.S. workforce (the 2008 financial crisis), and found that 24 percent of laid off employees had full access to their former employer’s systems days after the layoff, and one-third of those had access more than a week after the layoffs.

With the shutdown steaming toward its fifth week amid a raging job market in the private economy, there are undoubtedly many government employees seeking employment elsewhere – and some may already be de facto “ex-employees” who are willing to sacrifice their back pay for the security of a new job. This means there are almost certainly many illegitimately active accounts with access to government systems. Add to that the number of employees who have access and are becoming more disgruntled by the hour, and you have a potentially profound cybersecurity problem that may not be detected until long after the shutdown ends.

About the Author

Aubrey Turner is the director of identity and access management solutions at Optiv Security.


  • Until We Meet Again

    A short three years ago we were all pondering whether to attend any tradeshows all thanks to COVID-19. Sorry to bring that nightmare up again, but it seems that little pandemic is in the rear-view mirror, and it’s time to meet again. Read Now

    • ISC West
  • Cyber Hygiene: What it Looks Like for IoT Devices

    Cyber Hygiene: What it Looks Like for IoT Devices

    For our second pillar about the Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) Pillars of Security, we are going to discuss what cyber hygiene looks like for IoT devices. Read Now

  • ISC West Announces 2023 Keynote Series Speaker Lineup

    The International Security Conference (ISC), in collaboration with premier sponsor Security Industry Association (SIA), announced five of this year’s ISC West Keynote Series speakers. ISC West will kick off its annual conference on March 28 (SIA Education@ISC: March 28-30 | Exhibit Hall: March 29-31) at the Venetian Expo in Las Vegas, Nevada. Read Now

    • ISC West
  • Accelerating Security Modernization

    In recent years, the term “digital transformation” has been one of the most frequently used buzzwords across industries. On its most basic level, it refers to the reimagining of how an organization leverages its technology systems to improve business processes. Read Now

Featured Cybersecurity

New Products

  • Dinkle DKU Barrier Terminal Blocks

    Dinkle DKU Barrier Terminal Blocks

    New DKU screw type terminal blocks use a spring-guided system where the screws are integrated and captive within the terminal enclosure. These screws can be backed out so that ring- or U-shaped cable lugs can be inserted, without the possibility of losing the screw. 3

  • Pivot3 Surety

    Pivot3 Surety

    Pivot3 has announced Surety, a new intelligent software framework to simplify the management and monitoring of physical security environments. 3

  • Paxton10 CORE Cameras

    Paxton10 CORE Cameras

    The new CORE Series cameras feature edge processing for ultimate scalability, built-in edge storage, and plug-and-play installation. The addition of the CORE Series gives installers new hardware, better choice, and more value than ever before. 3